What Does Recognizance Mean?


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Lakshmipriya Nair Profile
Recognizance is a kind of bail. It refers to an obligation entered into by an accused before a court. It is an accused person's promise that, without posting bail, he or she will appear at trail. It states the terms and conditions upon which the accused is being released. Thus recognizance is nothing but a security entered into before a court with pre set conditions on the failure of which a certain pre decided amount would be forfeited.

It is a part of both British and American law as well as several other countries. It is described as a commitment of record. It is entered before some court or magistrate who has been endowed with the authority. It is mostly connected with criminal cases. By filing recognizance a defendant would be released before a trial or appeal. Release on recognizance is described as RoR as per court jargon.

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