Jewish is the culmination of all that
It means your not christian
I would answer but you already answered it..however i have a question for you if the jewish/israelites speak hebrew then why do bible scholars say Jesus spoke aramaic...and is it the same as hebrew or a dialect of it?
Read A History of the Jews by Paul Johnson. It's a captivating book from beginning to end (some based on conjecture I'm sure) and can answer many of these questions.
Bottom line, it means that your mother was Jewish, descended from the Tribes of Israel, ultimately from Abraham.
Literally it means that you're from the Tribe of Judah. Most Jews are, since the other 10 tribes are lost, and the 12th tribe is Levi, meaning Levites and Priests. They still exist, but they're still called Jews even though they're not from the tribe of Judah.