What Does Nematoda Mean?


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Shumaela Rana Profile
Shumaela Rana answered
Animals of phylum nematoda are also known as round worms. Some animals are free living and others are parasite. Animals included in this phylum has rounded and elongated bodies and both ends of the body are pointed. Digestive system is present in both of these types. Free living nematodes are found in upper layer of soil, fresh water and sea water. The parasites cause different diseases in human beings. Examples are Ascaris, hook worm, filaria, and trichinella.    Ascaris is the animal that is commonly known as round worm. These animals are present in man and cattle. They are larger in size than other nematodes. They suck the digested food from intestine and make the body weak. It lays millions of eggs in intestine that are excreted with remains of undigested food. Sometimes Ascaris makes a hole in the intestine, enters in vital organs of body cavity i.e. Liver, heart and lung and causes death. Their number may sometime increases to an extent that passage of intestine is blocked leading to death.    Trichinella is a nematode found in pig flesh. This causes diseases trichinosis in men eating pig meat. During this disease patient has fever, pain in muscles, nausea and dysentery. Due to this disease and for some other reasons to eat pig meat is forbidden in Islam.
Swarda Padwal Profile
Swarda Padwal answered
The word 'nematoda' refers to worms which are unsegmented. Nematoda is a round worm or thread worm. These worms are classified under the phylum named Nematoda of Animal Kingdom. The members or this phylum are referred to as Nematode. Nematode has a Greek origin. It is formed of two parts: Nema and ode. Nema means 'thread' and ode means 'like'.

This class was originally named Nematoidea. This classification was done by Rudolphi. Later, it was changed to Nematode by Burmeister in 1837. There was much confusion since 1848 about the rank of this phylum Nematoda. Originally, it was introduced as a family. Then, it was changed to an order and class and now accepted as a phylum. These worms are found free-living and also include parasitic forms. Generally, the free-living forms are microscopic. They consume bacteria, fungi and protozoans.

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