According to Parks et al (2007) management is the process of working with and through individuals and groups to accomplish organisational goals. The management styles that I observed during the event were; theory X, theory Y and laissez faire. Theory X and Theory Y were suggested by McGregor in 1960 and fall under the human relations approach to management, whereby the employees of an organisational put more effort into their work and will work more efficiently if they feel as though they are valued members of the organisation and that the organisation cares about their feelings and their problems (Torkilsden, 2005). Theory X management is an autocratic management style as the subordinate is told exactly what to do and how to do it leaving no room for creativity and the person is closely controlled by their superior to achieve the organisational goals (Covell et al 2003). During the event theory X management was used to control both me as a volunteer and the participants. Theory X management was sued to control the participants so that they knew exactly what they needed to do to compete in each race; this was the correct type of management to use towards the participants as safety was the number one priority at the event as the participants were aged between 11-12 years old and so needed to be controlled so that they didn’t harm themselves, using theory X management towards the participants ensured that they knew what they needed to do to compete in the event which meant that the event ran smoothly. Theory X was also used to manage me as I was helping to steward the event so I was told how the event should run and what I should do for my part in the event, which was to time the races and to make sure that all of the participants competed within the rules set out by the event organiser. Theory Y management is a democratic style of management when the subordinate can resolve problems by themselves and they control their own actions giving them opportunity to grow and develop within the organisation (Mullins, 2005). Theory Y management was used towards me when I was asked to help set up the equipment for the event, I was left to figure out how some the equipment fitted together and where to positioned it. I feel that theory Y management was used in this way because the organisers of the event were running out of time to set up the equipment and therefore could not show me how all of the equipment should have been set up and laid out, this was not good management as I could have set up the equipment incorrectly which could have led to the participants of the event getting injured. Laissez faire management is when the subordinates are left to figure out what to do for themselves with very little or no guidance from their superior, this style of management is best used when the subordinates are experienced at that task. This was demonstrated during the event when the organiser of the event left some of the races to be set up and timed by myself, this type of management goes against what the theory states as I had no previous experience of running such events and so should have been given more guidance on what to do.
Sylvia has outstanding communication skills, her interpersonal skills are remarkable. She shows a thorough understanding of the issues she’s faced with. Her excellent analytical skills along with her high level of ambition and motivation have led to a truly exceptional performance. Another important point I want to mention is her inquisitiveness, Silvia is always eager to gather any information that would provide her with a deeper understanding of a problem. Moreover, I appreciate that Silvia attacks problems from very different points of view. Another important point I want to mention is her inquisitiveness. Silvia is always eager to gather any information that would provide her with a deeper understanding of a problem. Finally I would like to emphasize Sylvia’s commitment towards her collegues and fri ends is an asset with which she can clearly be distinguished from others. As a co-worker and friend she vigorously maintains their interests and supports her their efforts to master the job at hand..
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Problem gambling is gambling behavior which causes disruptions in any major area of life: Psychological, physical, social or vocational. The term "Problem Gambling" includes, but is not limited to, the condition known as "Pathological", or "Compulsive" Gambling, a progressive addiction characterized by increasing preoccupation with gambling, a need to bet more money more frequently, restlessness or irritability when attempting to stop, "chasing" losses, and loss of control manifested by continuation of the gambling behavior in spite of mounting, serious
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The complex architecture of signaling pathways and the consequences of this complexity for cancer therapeutics is an important area of research