What Does Endemic Mean?


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Aun Jafery Profile
Aun Jafery answered
According to the dictionary "endemic" means:

a). belonging to or prevalent or characteristic to a particular place, region, people or ecology. Indigenous.

b). restricted to a peculiar region or locality (endemic disease)

Endemic when relation to the first meaning of the word imply to a particular species of plant or animal found exclusively in that one area or locality. Endemic species are often found on remote islands where due to isolation a particular species evolved in a confined way. Endemic species are different from indigenous as indigenous species may be found in 2-3 different regions which they adapt. Endemic species face severe extinction risks when a new predator or disease is introduced to their ecosystem.

A disease that occurs in a particular region remains to some extent confined there and recurs consistently is Endemic in the medical sense.

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