Pimentel (grower/seller of peppers, a pepper, or field of peppers) is a very well known Portuguese/Spanish Jewish surname. The Portuguese Jews controlled the selling of spices in Europe in the 1500s and 1600s. Many Iberian Jews adopted this surname during the forced conversions during the inquisition in the Portugal and Spain. Sephardic (Spain/Portugal) and Ashkenazi (Eastern European) Jews always preferred/chose ornamental surnames related to nature i.e., trees, vegetables (pimenta=pepper), plants, fruits, animals, rivers and mountains. The Iberian Jews that escaped to the diaspora i.e., Turkey, Italy, Netherlands, England, United States, Mexico, Brazil and all of the other former Portuguese colonies. There is a Jewish history museum in Tel Aviv Israel which features Pimentel as a very distinguished Jewish/ Sephardic surname.