The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 14000 refers to environmental management standards used by organizations to regulate how their activity can negatively affect the environment and how they can bring their practices into line with international regulations. This applies to how products are tested and then applied, judging how their potential ecological damage, and what measures producers can take to minimize their risk. The ISO covers a variety of different issues, including declaring safety features, pre-production risks for land and sea, as well as developing long-term schemes for reducing environmental damage. The regulations are also often used in collaboration with external, third party organizations that carry out risk assessment protocols, applying the technical specifications laid out in the ISO standards. Additionally, an ISO 14001, included within the standards, specifies the obligations that a company are required to make with their products, and can be adapted for different technologies and businesses.