The word analysis means 'breaking up'. It is the process of breaking the topics into smaller parts and then understanding them. Analysis is considered as an important part of a research study. When a researcher conducts a study, then after the data collection and interpretations, he comes up with his own judgments which are categorized as the analysis of the data.
 The separation of an intellectual or material whole into its constituent parts for individual study.
 The study of such constituent parts and their interrelationships in making up a whole.
 A spoken or written presentation of such study: Published an analysis of poetic meter.
 Chemistry.

The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to
determine either their nature (qualitative analysis) or their
proportions (quantitative analysis).  The stated findings of such a separation or determination.

 Mathematics.

A branch of mathematics principally involving differential and integral
calculus, sequences, and series and concerned with limits and
convergence.  The method of proof in which a known truth is
sought as a consequence of a series of deductions from that which is
the thing to be proved.

 Linguistics. The use
of function words such as prepositions, pronouns, or auxiliary verbs
instead of inflectional endings to express a grammatical relationship;
for example, the cover of the dictionary instead of the dictionary's cover.  Psychoanalysis.
 Systems analysis.
It means to break something down