This is definitely a skill that is learned through practice and use, however, there are a few things you can do.

Step 1. Read the question first to get 'an idea' of what is being asked.

Step 2. Where relevant (or whenever possible) draw a diagram to represent the question.

Step 3. Read the question again, underlining the 'important' information.

Step 4. In your diagram, add the information you have been given.

Step 5. Establish what you are being asked to find.

Step 6. Establish an equation, and solve for answer.

Be aware of some of the common translations of math into english.

For example

Product = multiply

the sum of = add

an item increased by = add

an item increased two times = multiply

decreased by = subtract

There are quite a few more, but I hope this helps

Step 1. Read the question first to get 'an idea' of what is being asked.

Step 2. Where relevant (or whenever possible) draw a diagram to represent the question.

Step 3. Read the question again, underlining the 'important' information.

Step 4. In your diagram, add the information you have been given.

Step 5. Establish what you are being asked to find.

Step 6. Establish an equation, and solve for answer.

Be aware of some of the common translations of math into english.

For example

Product = multiply

the sum of = add

an item increased by = add

an item increased two times = multiply

decreased by = subtract

There are quite a few more, but I hope this helps