What Is The Difference Between An Inference And A Conclusion?


2 Answers

Robin Burden Profile
Robin Burden answered
Although 'inference' and 'conclusion' might sound like two words that describe the same concept, the terms are actually complete opposites.

An inference is when someone makes a generalization based on specific information.

On the other hand, a conclusion is a specific piece of information that is supported by general facts.

What's the difference between an inference and a conclusion?
The best way to answer this question would be to give you an example:

Imagine a shampoo company was testing a new range out on a lab monkey (yes, very cruel... I know).

The data derived from the test might be something like: "When the shampoo product was applied to the monkey's fur, it turned bright blue and the monkey was in discomfort".

An inference would be a general statement based on the data provided, so - in this case - the inference would be something like: "chemicals can harm animals" or "testing on animals is bad".

A conclusion from the same test's data would be very different.

This would involve a specific statement like: "the chemicals in the test product caused discoloration of the fur".

The conclusion is a more detailed analysis of general facts.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Inference: The reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation.

Conclusion: A position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration.

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