What Is Intelligence?


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Mahwash Marcel Profile
Mahwash Marcel answered
According to Alfred Binet, a French psychologist, 'It is the ability to think well, understand well and to reason well'. Robert J. Sternberg, an American psychologist, has defined Intelligence as, 'Those mental functions that are used to adapt to shape and select real world environment'.
Intelligence maybe described as, 'The capacity to learn and utilize appropriately what one has learned. It includes the ability to use one's existing knowledge to foresee problems and to solve them competently. Furthermore it includes the capacity to meet new situations and to adapt readily to a changing environment'. Intelligence can also be explained saying that it is an individual's ability to handle problems which one has to face in his day to day life.

Two types of intelligence are recognized:
1. Fluid Intelligence
It is relatively culture free type of intelligence that includes pattern recognition, spatial orientation, memory reasoning, and abstraction. This type of intelligence appears to remain stable throughout middle adulthood and then declines.

2. Crystallized Intelligence
It is largely cultural and educationally related intelligence that involves general knowledge, vocabulary and application of knowledge to problem solving and judgment. This type of intelligence continues to increase until mid-sixties and then starts to decline.
ly fen chen Profile
ly fen chen answered

It's a noun, its adjective is intelligent, so they are used to describe some people who are capable and have the ability to understand or do somethings. Their mind have the good comprehension on doing or create somethings etc.

Arafat Hossain Profile
Arafat Hossain answered

Intelligence is the computational part of the ability to achieve goals in the world. Varying kinds and degrees of intelligence occur in people, many animals and some machines.

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