Osteoarthritis of the knee happens when the cartilage wear away over time. This causes the bones to rub together, resulting in uncomfortable pain, swelling, and stiffness. When cartilage wears out it can also cause bone spurs which are also known as osteophytes.
There are several reasons why you might have developed osteoarthritis of the knee. Besides age, other risk factors include heredity, weight, stress injuries, gender, and athletics. Weight is a major risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee. Overweight individuals put more pressure on joints and cause cartilage to wear down more quickly. For the most part, age is the biggest cause of osteoarthritis of the knee. Over a lifetime, the cushioning between our joints naturally wears away.
Fortunately there are a few treatment methods that can help you get moving again and alleviate the pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. The first thing you should do is simple - take anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. This will help with the swelling. Next, you should make an effort to be healthier. Eat a healthy diet and exercise. If you lose weight, your knees will thank you. Braces and topical creams may be used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. In extreme circumstances, your doctor may suggest surgery, but this is unlikely.