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What Is Observation?

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Connor Sephton Profile
Connor Sephton answered
Observation can be broadly classed as two things. Firstly, it is the activity undertaken by an intelligent living being - either an animal or a human - in everyday life. Observation allows individuals to recognize their surroundings and essentially survive. Secondly, observation can be classed as the recording of data and qualitative information in scientific experiments. These observations can help us draw conclusions about what might be happening in a particular experiment, based upon observed evidence.

• Observation in intelligent living beings.

Observation is essential in nature, in order for living beings to survive. It enables individuals to recognize surroundings and situations, so they can then make choices based upon this information. The observation process often occurs without the living being realizing. For instance, a person walking down a corridor may see a closed door blocking their way. They would then open the door and pass through it without much consideration on the matter.

In other cases, observation can be a very conscious process. For example, a fox creeping through the forest will watch carefully for passing rabbits. Once it has observed a rabbit it will pounce after it in order to catch it for dinner. The rabbit, upon observing the fox, will run away as quickly as possible. In many cases, the plea of the rabbit will depend on how observant it has been (compared to how observant the fox has been). Natural phenomena such as this situation highlight the importance of good observational skills.

• Observation in scientific experiments

Observations must be made in scientific experiments so we can work out what is happening, based on observable evidence. For instance, if we observed a solid substance fizzing and bubbling in a solution, it would be clear the solid was dissolving; we could check this conclusion by observing whether the solid is still present after the fizzing process.
Arun Raj Profile
Arun Raj answered
Observation means "studying or watching with scrutiny." The difference between a mere act of seeing and observation is the same as the difference between hearing and listening. While observing, the mind is involved just like it is involved while listening. A person tries to measure, analyse, scrutinize or study as he sees or watches a particular object, animal, place or a person. An act of mere sight does not involve the mind really trying to analyse or study what is being watched.

Also, another meaning of observation is a "remark which expresses a careful thought." The observation, inference or a judgement in this regard is made out of noting or recording a phenomenon or a certain action. For instance: The meteorological division of the city made an observation that the extent of rains was more compared to the previous year. It is understood that the word made its entry into popular English literature in the year 1320.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It is the act of  observing or noticing,paying attention
Daniel HUMPHREYS Profile
There are numerous definitions and usages, They share the central concept of watching and measuring.
Making and recording measurements
Remarks expressing careful consideration
Facts learned by observing
Notice or paying attention
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
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Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Using the senses to gather information about an object or event

by nino angelo C.Lescano

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