The explanatory style of study indicates the way a certain event is explained. The event can be either negative or positive. People first of all use this style to explain to themselves about certain events and then to other people. When events are studied using this style, there are three components.
The person who experiences something might hold himself responsible for the cause of the event. The other component is the permanence and the experience might be considered to be unchangeable. The last component is the pervasiveness of the event which means the way a certain event affects life. Explanatory studies can make a person both optimistic and pessimistic.