Etic And Emic Are Terms Used To Define A Truth Or Principle That Is ___________ Or ____________?


2 Answers

Anika Quinn Profile
Anika Quinn answered
If the answers offered are:
      New or old
      Recently discovered or confirmed
      Universal or linked to a specific culture
      All of the above
      None of the above

Here is what the book has to say:

A finding that occurs across cultures is called an etic. You can think of an etic as a universal truth or principle. The finding that reinforcement increases the probability of the response it follows appears to be an etic; people of all cultures respond to reinforcement similarly. In contrast, an emic is a finding that is linked to a specific culture. The value placed on independence and individuality is an emic; it varies from culture to culture. Some cultures (e.g., the United States) are individualistic and place a premium on individual accomplishments. Other cultures (e.g., China) are collectivist and stress contributions to the welfare of the group. Emics represent truths that are relative to different cultures, whereas etics represent absolute truths. Given the great diversity of cultures, it should not surprise you to find that the number of emics is considerably greater than the number of etics.

(Smithg. The Psychologist as Detective: An Introduction to Conducting Research in Psychology, 5th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions p. 142).
Roshan Verghese Profile
Roshan Verghese answered
Don't go for the fill in the blanks. That is not a question.An Emic account is the observation given my a person about his/her own culture. Josephus provides an Emic Account in his works like "The Jewish War", "The Antiquities of the Jews". Josephus was a Jews and wrote down observations and History about Jews itself.Whereas Herodotus provides a Etic Account in his work "Histories" where he writes about other cultures, civilization as an outsider.

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