This is the right answer : Fundamental quantities and derived quantities
Scalars and vectors
Vector and scalar
Force and energy
Reading the question carefully, key on the word types (and assume it's not redundant). Answer: A substance has intensive and extensive properties; both are measurable as physical quantities. Intensive properties are those that don't depend on the amount of stuff, and extensive ones are the rest, which do.The answers I've seen so far are examples of each TYPE of quantity. Extensive quantities: Mass, volume, energy (including enthalpy, etc.), entropy, baryon number...Intensive quantities: Temperature, density, pressure, bulk modulus, hardness, viscosity...You get the idea.
Weight and mass